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Natural features

In the past, the forests on the area of Bory Tucholskie were dominated by beeches and pines. There were also many deciduous trees growing here, like oaks, hornbeams, aspens, and lindens. The overexploitation, which started in XVII century, as well as pine afforestation afterwards caused Bory Tucholskie to be area dominated by various species of pines, with other thermopile types of trees that can be observed on slopes near the Vistula River. Gutters, overgrown by various plants and shrubs were transferred into moors and fertile meadows. There are dominance of the mud cranberry on the area of moors, as well as many types of lichens and peat mosses.

The area of Bory Tucholskie is inhabited by many species of animals. Tourists can spot many of them during their travels, including – deer, roe deer, wild boars, foxes, and wolves, which can be observed here during severe winters only. Beavers leave near the riverbanks. There are also numerous species of birds. To name only those rare ones, one can observe: White-tailed eagle, osprey, common crane, mute swan, grey heron, crow, eagle-owl, dark swan and many others.

Majority of boron, lakes and moors is the part of the Bory Tucholskie Natura 2000 (PLB220009) area, Brda’s Grand Sander (PLB220001) area, as well as few smaller natural areas, and the Bory Tucholskie biosphere reserve. State Forestry Organization created the Bory Tucholskie Forestry Promotional Complex on a significant area of the Bory Tucholskie. In the north-eastern part of the complex, the Bory Tucholskie National Park was created in 1996, having the acreage of 4613,05 ha (lags’ area is equal to 12 981 ha). The park is dominated by common pines growing there.

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