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About Bory Tucholskie

Bory Tucholskie is the region of about 250 thousand ha of forest-covered acreage. The modern look of the land was shaped about 10 thousand years ago, during the last glaciation on the area of Poland, also referred to as the Baltic Glaciation. The shape was formed mainly during the Pomeranian stage. There were banks and hills forming after meltdown of the terminal moraine, and waters flowing down from melted bits of ice shaped wide flatlands called sanders. On the sandy and poor ground (not useful for agricultural purposes), forest complexes of Bory Tucholskie have remained until the present day. There are Brda and Wrda (also referred to as the Black Water) flowing through this boron. Both rivers carved out shapes of picturesque valleys and created beautiful semicircles. What is more, rocks located in the riverbeds create rocky barriers and cascades.

Very interesting remnants, which are the only ones in Poland, having both natural and archeological features, are so called Stone Circles in Odry near the Wda River. They are all of 15 to 33 m diameter, and bigger rocks tend to surround one or two main rocks placed in the middle of the circle. The history of creation of those circles is still not fully known. Some burial caves were discovered underground, near the stone circles. This cemetery was dated on I-III century AD. „The Stone Circles” serve as the nature reserve area as well. The aqueduct in Fojutowo is also worth visiting, because it is the most massive building of this kind in Poland (75 meters width). The difference in heights between water tables of both rivers is equal to 9 meters. The aqueduct, built in 1848 has been connecting Czerska Struga with the Brda’s channel. Its construction was inspired by Roman aqueducts.
Bory Tucholskie is the region having a very dense network of surface waters – rivers ( Brda and Wda) and numerous lakes ( Charzykowskie, Wdzydzkie, Ostrowite, Karsińskie ,Wielewskie ). All those watercourses enter the Vistula River, and they are flowing through former ways of postglacial waters outflows. However, the main treasures of this land are forests. Activities of human changed the shape of complex of forests, but it was possible to maintain the original form of almost all forests located in the area of the Central European Depression. The climate of Bory Tucholskie is affected by two masses of air, namely polar-continental and polar-marine masses. Due to density of water reservoirs and forests, there is a unique microclimate, creating optimal conditions for vegetation to grow and develop properly.

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